According to Zygmunt Bauman (Identity, 2004) the indigenous population, “the established” or “settled”, is not used to negotiating about its identity. Indigenous citizens automatically belong to a given community in which they were born and “live together in an indissoluble attachment”. They do not ask each other questions about identity and they do not expect to be challenged on their given identity.
Nevetheless, with the emancipation of immigrants, the values and identity of the indigenous are challenged. Immigrants no longer accept the given paradigms of their new country as given -especially second and third generation immigrants have started challenging the status quo as aspiring parts of the indigenous.
Although the most vocal voices of immigrants are radical I do not believe that immigrants have radicalized. I believe this image is cultivated by the indigenous to legitimize their unwillingness to negotiate about their identitites. In my view most immigrants do not see the indigenous as racists or exclusionist by ideology. In my view most immigrants benignly look at the challenge in front of the indigenous because they themselves have been there before.
The challenge for the indigenous is to emancipate into the new multicultural paradigm that has emerged. They are to give up their unwillingness to negotiate their identities. In an optimistic mood this challenge ahead of the indigenous, this emancipation of the last societal group, looks like the step that will bring us a healthy democracy.