Taylor Beck writes that by giving people fMRI based feedback during a task their ability to pay attention increased. “Paying attention, in other words, is like learning basketball or French: Good old-fashioned practice matters. “I think what’s exciting about this finding,” explains [associate professor of psychology at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute] Turk-Browne, “is the idea that certain aspects of cognition like attention are only partly consciously accessible. So, if we can directly access people’s mental states with real time fMRI, we can give them more information than they could get from their own mind.””